Testing Procedures

Athletes who compete in sport and who are under the jurisdiction of the anti-doping rules, can have their urine and/or blood tested anytime, anywhere by their IF, NADO or a Major Event Organizer. Specially trained doping control personnel carry out all tests.

Testing can be conducted in-competition and out-of-competition such as at an athlete’s home, place of work or training venue.

Athletes should always submit a sample.  Giving only a partial sample or refusing to provide a sample could be an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV).

Athletes have the right to provide comments about the conduct of their test.

How are athletes selected for testing?

In-competition – athletes can be chosen by random selection, finishing position or by being targeted for a particular reason.

Out-of-Competition – athletes may be tested anytime, anywhere and with no advance notice.

Other things to know

If the athlete is a minor or is an athlete with an impairment, modifications to the sample collection procedure can be made, where necessary and possible.

Athletes’ Rights and Responsibilities

Athletes have the right to:

  • have a representative and, if available, an interpreter
  • ask for additional information about the sample collection process
  • request a delay in reporting to the Doping Control Station for valid reasons (as determined by the DCO).
  • If you are an athlete with a disability, to request modifications to the sample collection procedure

Athletes have a responsibility to:

  • Remain within direct observation of the DCO/chaperone at all times from the point of notification until the completion of the sample collection process.
  • Produce appropriate identification.
  • Comply with sample collection procedures (failure to do so may constitute an anti-doping rule violation).
  • Report immediately for doping control, unless there are compelling reasons for a delay.

WADA’s Doping Control Video provides athletes with basic information about their rights and responsibilities in the doping control process.


The 11 stages of the Doping Control:

  1. Athlete Selection

Athletes can be selected for testing at any time and any place.

2. Notification

A Doping Control Office (DCO) or chaperone will notify the athlete of their selection and outline their rights and responsibilities.

3. Reporting to the Doping Control Station

Athletes should report for their test immediately.  The DCO may allow a delay in reporting – however only for a valid reason.

4. Sample collection equipment

Athletes are given a choice of individually sealed sample collection vessels and kits to choose from.

5. Providing a Sample

Athletes will be asked to provide a urine sample under the direct observation of a DCO or witnessing chaperone of the same gender.

6. Volume of urine

A minimum 90mL is required for urine samples.  If the first sample is not 90mL the athlete may be asked to wait and provide an additional sample.

7. Splitting the sample

Athletes will split their sample into A and B bottle.

8. Sealing the samples

Athletes will seal the A and B bottles in accordance with the DCO’s instructions.

9. Measuring specific gravity

The DCO will measure the specific gravity of the sample to ensure it is not too diluted to analyse.

10. Completing the Doping Control Form

Athletes will check and confirm that all of the information is correct, including the sample code number and their declaration of medications and/or products they have used.  They will receive a copy of the doping control form.

11. The Laboratory Process

All samples are sent to WADA accredited laboratories.